Wireless communication has revolutionized the way people in different corners of the world speak to each other. It has brought down the cost and barriers of wired communication and makes it possible to transmit and receive signals around the globe economically and reliably. A wireless network, like any other telecommunication network, consists of a number of important building blocks.
Radio mast and tower form a very significant part of the wireless backbone network, since they rest at the boundary of the wired and spatial part of the communication network. Well planned placements of these components across the area of coverage are essential to ensure good quality of service and customer satisfaction.
Radio masts and towers have varied designs that fit the exact considerations needed for their throughput, as well as geographic location.
Difference between Radio Mast and Tower
There are two types of designs which are used to hold telecom transmission equipment - masts and towers. Depending on an optimized balance of factors such as cost, available site area and load bearing factors, either masts or towers may be chosen.
About Radio Masts:
The term radio mast implies a 90 degree tall and vertical structure that is usually held in place using guy cables around the structure. These are ideally used when the payload is not too heavy. With a properly designed guyed support, masts can withstand a good amount of wind loads too.
Radio mast is cheaper to construct and requires lesser material as compared to towers. However, the area required for the arrangement, including the guying anchors which are spread out wide, is much more than what is needed for a tower.
Masts are used in places where availability of land and the cost of acquiring it is not a constraint.
Towers are usually self-supporting structures that are cantilevered and are usually made using latticed or tubular elements. In many cities, towers are disguised as tall buildings that also become a tourist attraction for visitors of the city. CN tower at Toronto, Canada is one such structure that even features among the tallest manmade structures in the world.
Based on their design, radio towers can be classified as:
- Steel lattice towers
- Steel tubular towers
- Reinforced concrete towers
There are some old towers made of wood that are still in use, while in specific cases, materials like fiber glass have also been used.
Role of a Telecom Infrastructure Partner
There are many design considerations that form an important part of the overall viability of your telecom service. Engaging an experienced telecommunication infrastructure partner helps in planning and executing an overall plan of towers and structures that would help save up on your project cost and enable your service to break ground faster.